In 1755, the Acadians were deported and dispersed, for the most part, to other English colonies in North America. They were poorly received, and few remained permanently. A small group was sent to England, and about 3,000 found refuge in France, where the government offered them land on Belle-Īle-en-Mer (in Brittany) and in Poitou. They had difficulty adapting to the French administrative system and did not integrate well into the rural area, where they were seen by local farmers as usurpers. Most left eventually, and a good number set off for Louisiana in 1785. Deeply rooted to the land, many Acadians returned to Nova Scotia, Īle Saint-Jean (Prince Edward Island) and the regions that would become New Brunswick in 1784.

The Acadian Refugees in France
Mémoire sur les familles vraies Acadiennes [Report on the true Acadian families] and the plan to settle them in Poitou, ca. 1773
FR CHAN H1 1499/2 606