The Seven Years' War between France and England had repercussions for the Aboriginal nations. A number of tribes living in the region of the St. Lawrence Valley negotiated a peace or a certain neutrality with the English. A certificate signed in 1760 by General James Murray granted the Huron of Lorette the right to "freely practice their religion [and preserve] their customs and the freedom to trade with the English garrisons." A few days later, other Aboriginal peoples met William Johnson, superintendent of Indian affairs in Caughnawaga, to discuss peace. The English took over the posts at Detroit and elsewhere in the Great Lakes region, and changed the rules in their dealings with the various tribes, most of whom were allies of the French. The new rulers abolished the custom of "presents," refused to allow Aboriginal people credit, demanded that trading be conducted exclusively at the posts, and put a stop to rum trafficking. This led to the formation of an alliance between several nations, led by Pontiac, whose aim was to "destroy all the English that they shall find in the lands they had allowed their brothers and good friends the French to occupy." Despite several victories for the Aboriginal nations in 1763, the uprising was eventually quelled by the English.

Aboriginal Peoples and English Government
Private agreement bearing the certification of General Murray (Murray Treaty), September 5, 1760 (deposited on August 4, 1810 to the records of notary Barthélémy Faribault fils)
CA ANQ-Q CN301 S99