Faced with the colony's continuing weakness and its vulnerability to the Iroquois threat, the King decided to bring in the support of his army. A whole regiment consisting of 1,200 men, the Carignan-Salières, arrived in Québec in 1665. After they had successfully overpowered the enemy, the regiment's members were encouraged to settle in the country, and about one-third of them stayed. As well as adding their numbers to the population, they brought with them a number of different trades and remained at the disposition of the authorities in case of conflict.

The Carignan-Salières Regiment
Rolle des soldats du régiment Carignan-Salières qui se sont faits habitans du Canada en 1668 [Roll of soldiers of the Carignan-Salières Regiment living in Canada in 1668]
FR CAOM COL D2C 47 fol. 45-49vo