Virtually all Canadian exports to France during the 17th century consisted of beaver pelts. In the following century, the proportion of furs and hides from other animals increased, and although furs were still the main export item, they were no longer the only one. Trade among Canada, Île Royale (Cape Breton Island) and the French West Indies developed during the first half of the 18th century, and Louisbourg, on Île Royale, became its hub. Aside from fur, most of Canada's exports consisted of food products (flour, biscuits, peas, fish) and wood; Île Royale's main export was cod, and those of the West Indies, tafia (rum), sugar and molasses. Manufactured goods, wine, spirits and luxury items were shipped across the Atlantic from France.

Exports and Imports
Liste des bâtiments venus à Québec d'Europe, des isles de l'Amérique et de l'isle Royale pendant l'année 1734 et de ceux de Québec qui en sont partis tant pour les isles de l'Amérique, Isle Royale que pour France [List of ships that arrived in Québec from Europe, the islands of America and Île Royale during the year 1734 and of those from Québec that set sail for the islands of America, Île Royale or France], October 20, 1734