In 1663, New France, whose rights of ownership, justice and seigneury had been held since 1627 by the Compagnie des Cent-Associés, was declared by Louis XIV to be once more part of the royal domain. As the Compagnie was no longer able to support and defend the sparsely populated colony, constantly under threat from Iroquois attack, the King reassumed possession to ensure its development and security. He introduced an administrative structure modelled on that of the French provinces, which included a Governor General, an Intendant and a Sovereign Council.

The Declaration of the King
Declaration from the King, reassuming possession of New France, March 1663
FR CAOM COL C11A 2 fol. 5-7