Louis XIV and his ministers strove to limit the exploration of new territories, in favour of clearing the land. As a continuation of this policy, the edicts of Marly confirmed the King's desire to expand the population of New France by encouraging the cultivation of the land. A first edict stipulated that seigneuries that were not made productive would be withdrawn from their holders and returned to the royal domain. This measure, however, was seldom invoked. A second edict applied to the censitaires [tenants] and obliged them to make their land productive, or have it return to the seigneurial domain. In addition, the seigneurs were obligated to cede lots to those who asked for them. It was also forbidden for them to sell land that had not been ceded to a censitaire.

The Edicts of Marly
Arręts du roi pour la réunion des terres si elles ne sont pas mises en valeur [Royal edicts concerning the restitution of land that is not made productive], Marly, July 6, 1711
FR CHAN Marine A1 46 pièces 33-34