The holder of a seigneury was obliged to concede a parcel of land (the censive) to individuals (the censitaires) who requested it. In many cases, the seigneur did not immediately provide an official certificate of concession, but instead first issued a deed of temporary ownership called a billet de concession. The two parties later signed a duly notarized contract. In possession of this final deed, the censitaire might "enjoy the use [of his land] in full ownership in perpetuity," sell it or bequeath it, as long as he fulfilled the obligations stipulated in the contract. One of these stated that he had to deliver the annual cens and rentes, fixed dues payable in perpetuity in money or in kind. The cens was minimal, and served above all as a symbol of the censitaire's dependence on the seigneur; however, the rente was a greater amount. The land parcel was subject to the right of lods et ventes, a tax equivalent to one-twelfth of the amount of the sale, which every land buyer had to pay the seigneur.

The Censives
Deposit of a billet de concession in the seigneury of La Durantaye on June 12, 1693 granted by La Durantaye to Pierre Audet, from the records of the notary Claude Barolet, July 14, 1752
CA ANQ-Q CN301 S11/17