Faced with an imminent and forceful attack by the French troops, a delegation representing three tribes from the Iroquois League of Five Nations went to Québec in December 1665 to negotiate peace with Alexandre de Prouville de Tracy, the King's Lieutenant-General in North America. Garakontié, Chief of the Onondaga, headed the delegation. As was the custom, the diplomatic talks between the First Nations peoples and the Europeans followed traditional Aboriginal protocol. The highly symbolic gifts presented by the Iroquois were part of the preliminary rituals they practiced before peace talks.

Iroquois Gifts
Explication des onze presens faits par les Ambassadeurs Iroquois [Explanation of the eleven gifts presented by the Iroquois Ambassadors], December 1, 1665
FR CAOM COL F3 2 fol. 17-20