Despite enormous progress in knowledge of oceans and shorelines, sea navigation in the 18th century was at the mercy of the elements. For this reason, the Secretary of State for the Marine required all ship captains to keep a detailed log for each of their voyages, in which they recorded the main navigational difficulties encountered. These observations were then transcribed to charts by the royal engineers, as an aid to other sailors. Off the rocky coast of Louisbourg, the strong sea currents often made it difficult for ships to approach the shore. On the evening of August 25, 1725, a hurricane raged through the area. The next day, the debris from a heavy tonnage vessel was found along the coast. On the 27th, it was identified as the Chameau. All 310 passengers perished. Only 180 bodies were recovered from the sea and buried at La Baleine. The fact that most were wearing nightclothes indicates the violence and suddenness of the wreck. Among the passengers were Jacques L'Hermite, an engineer from Plaisance, Guillaume Chazel, who had just been named Intendant at Québec, and Charles-Hector de Ramezay, son of the Governor of Montréal.

The Chameau
Journaux de bord de la flûte « Le Chameau » commandée successivement par MM. de Voutron, de Lamirande, de Beauharnois et Meschin Meschin [Ship's logs from the supply ship the Chameau, commanded successively by Messrs. de Voutron, de Lamirande, de Beauharnois and Meschin], 1720-1724
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